(The following information was provided by Dr. Hiltrud Strasser and Ms. Sabine Kells–used by permission)

  •  Walls cannot wear & maintain normal shape/length
    • unnatural stresses on hoof as walls get too long
    • incorrect trim cannot be worn away
  • Vibration (800 Hz)
    • destroys hoof wall and tissue
    • causes structural abnormalities in laminar corium, leading to compromised coffin bone suspension
    • causes irritation of ligament & tendon attachments to periosteum of bones & joint cartilage
  • Hoof mechanism is impaired
    • reduced shock absorption with fixation of the wall
    •  impact travels up leg & stresses joints, etc.
    •  ossifications
    • coffin bone impacts sole which cannot draw flat
    • circulation in the hoof is reduced
    • heart is overstressed (without support from hooves)
    • poor cell nutrition & reduced temperature
    • reduced cell metabolism
    • reduced horn quality and quantity
    • excessive waste metabolic protein unused in hoof production remains in bloodstream
    • overstressing of kidneys, liver, skin
  • Physical trauma (bruising, etc.) to hoof tissues
  • Weight causes unnatural strains on joints & ligaments through centrifugal effects.
  • Traction compromised: too little on smooth, slick terrain, too much on softer ground.
  • Deformation & contraction of the hoof
    • heel pain or “navicular syndrome”
    • thrush
    • skeletal & muscular stresses, conformational changes
  • Negative effects of nails
    • physical damage to wall (holes)
    • dehydration of white line horn
    • vibrations affecting horn & corium
    • insulation breached (metal conducts cold into foot, decreasing corium temperature and cell metabolism)
  • Danger & severity of injury increased
    • to the horse itself (caught in wire, interference, etc.)
    • to people
    • to other horses
  • Damage to properties, trails, etc. increased dramatically.
  • Prevents proper development of young horse’s foot & coffin bone (especially palmar processes).
  • Orthopedic possibilities do not exist (circulation is reduced, while healing requires increased circulation).
  • “Incorrect” shoeing increases rate & severity of damage.
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